Kwale County is one of the Counties in the former Coast province in Republic of Kenya. Several parts of this coastal region are classified as Arid and Semi-Arid Lands ASALs, with low precipitation levels and high annual temperatures. This climatic condition led to several communities being food insecure as agriculture could not be practiced to the desired level. Low erratic precipitation coupled with poor water supply infrastructure to support irrigation interventions contribute heavily to this predicament. Thus, the communities in these areas typically suffer from outbreak of diarrheal disease, high prevalence of malaria and malnutrition which is attributed to poor access to safe drinking water, low levels of food production and low levels of health education amongst the community. Kinango Dam was constructed in 1952 by the British Colonial government but challenging climatic conditions and poor maintenance caused it to lose its functionality as a water basin. This left the community food insecure and dependent on government food aid programme
To address the perpetual vulnerability of the Vigurungani Community in Kinango Sub-county, Kwale County the Kenya Red Cross Society with funding from the M-Pesa Foundation and the Kwale County government in 2014 implemented an integrated disaster risk reduction project which would address a cross cutting myriad of needs including food security, water supply, improved sanitation, hygiene awareness, nutrition awareness, health care interventions as well as economic stimulus through formation of agriculture cooperatives and linkages to markets. The community contributed to this intervention by making available 170 Acres of land for the project’s interventions. The M-Pesa Foundation gave over Kshs.207million while the County Government of Kwale contributed Kshs.25million towards the project that involved rehabilitation of Nyalani Dam to attain a water storage capacity of approximately 500million Litres - for irrigation, domestic and livestock usage.
By the year 2015, the project had contributed to reduced vulnerability to drought for 2,500 direct and 10,000 indirect beneficiaries in Kinango Sub County, Kwale County. Sustainable improvement of access to water and basic sanitation as well as hygiene practices for 2,500 direct and 10,000 indirect beneficiaries in Kinango District. Improved basic health and nutritional status of local communities in Kinango District. Improved and diversified food production and livelihood options for target communities in Kinango Sub-County, Kwale County by 2015.